Fabric Manufacturing Process

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Fabric Manufacturing Process
There are several types of fabrics like cotton fabric, lather fabric and silk fabric. So the manufacturing process is different as well..

Cotton fabric is made using cotton fiber. To reach the final stage of clothing cotton fiber undergoes several process as mentioned below.

First of all cotton fibers are separated from seedpods, this method is called ginning. This process is performed in the cotton field with the help of machines.
The second step is known as spinning. This is the succeeding step to ginning. Under this process yarn is made from the cotton fiber. Cotton yarns of different thickness are made in this stage.

Now the most important process is performed in making cotton which is known as weaving. In this process, two yarn is placed to make warp and weft of a loom which successively turn them into a cloth.

After weaving is done it is time to apply different processes on cotton fabric so that final finishes can be given to it. Cotton fabric passes from some stages before it reaches the stage of final product. Namely these stages are singeing, desizing, scouring, bleaching, mercerizing, dyeing and finishing.

One more example of fabric is leather fabric. For making leather fabric first of all animal skin is and salted to prevent decay. After that obtained hide or pelt is sent to tannery for trimming and sorting. To restore moisture which is lost during salting process it is soaked into water.

After that it is treated mechanically with rollers and blades to remove fat or muscle and fleshing. Further skin is soaked in lime solution to remove the hair and epidermis. Hide is washed in water containing ammonium chloride or ammonium sulphate so that it can be neutralized. Bating is also done to remove non-fibrous protein. To remove remaining hair roots, skin pigmentation, and surface fats a process called scudding is done, at last it is put in sulphuric acid to lower the pH.

To provide the necessary feel and physical characteristics in leather tanning process is applied. The main tanning processes are mineral tanning, chrome tanning, vegetable tanning and oil tanning. After undergoing tanning process the leather undergoes different processes according to the use of the final product.

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